Palestinian land 1946-2010

Palestinian Land Loss

Palestinian Land Loss
Ireland as Palestine: Only the green areas would be Ireland now.

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Ireland supports EU ban on settlement goods

The Irish Government is in favour of banning the importation of settlement goods into Ireland, and the EU as a whole.  It adopted this policy in August 2011 (see Sadaka Briefing 'Ireland supports EU ban on settlement goods'.

In May 2012   the EU Foreign Affairs Council adopted a set of conclusions on Palestine/Israel, which were highly critical of Israel’s settlement building and ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in Area C in the West Bank and in East Jerusalem, actions which the Council said were threatening to make a two-state solution difficult or impossible to achieve.  The Irish Foreign Minister, Eamon Gilmore, has suggested that, if matters continue to deteriorate in Area C and East Jerusalem, the EU should consider imposing a ban on settlement goods.  (more ...)

In July 2014  The Tánaiste and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Eamon Gilmore, TD, published advice to Irish citizens and businesses on financial and economic activities in Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The Tánaiste said: "The advice being published today on my Department’s website, which is also being issued by many of our EU partners, is a further step in making clear our opposition to the illegal Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The advice is designed to assist Irish businesses and the general public to be aware of the risks involved in investment in settlements, and to make clear that the Government does not encourage or offer support in any way to such activity." Irish Govt. Press Office release, 3 July 2014)

recent sadaka publications


Frequently asked questions on recognition of the State of Palestine. (Click now to download the FAQs)Frequently asked questions on recognition of the State of Palestine. (Click now to download the FAQs) FAQs: Recognition of the State of Palestine Overview:   Frequently asked questions on recognition of the State of Palestine.  (Click now to download the FAQs)
(December 2014, PDF 75 kB)
Why Ireland should recognise the State of Palestine NOW (Click now to download Briefing)Why Ireland should recognise the State of Palestine NOW (Click now to download Briefing) Why Ireland should recognise the State of Palestine NOW Overview:   For Ireland to recognise the State of Palestine now would be a powerful reaffirmation of its commitment to self-determination for the Palestinian people and to a two-state solution at a time when it is in danger of being killed off by Israel’s relentless settlement expansion.  (Click now to download this Briefing)
(December 2014, PDF 75 kB)
The EU's responsibility for the Gaza tragedy (Click now to download Briefing)The EU's responsibility for the Gaza tragedy (Click now to download Briefing) The EU's responsibility for the Gaza tragedy Overview:   For many years, the EU has said that Israel’s economic blockade of Gaza should be ended, most recently in European Council conclusions on 22 July 2014. But it has done nothing concrete to put pressure on Israel to bring it about – or to restrain Israel from periodically engaging in murderous military assaults on Gaza. The EU bears a heavy responsibility for the tragedy that is Gaza today.  (Click now to download this Briefing) (September 2014, PDF 111 kB)
Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza (Click now to download PDF)Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza (Click now to download PDF) Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza Overview:   Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza  (Click now to download this paper) (August 2014, PDF 312 kB)
Will Israel implement this agreement with Hamas? History suggests NO (Click now to download Briefing)Will Israel implement this agreement with Hamas? History suggests NO (Click now to download Briefing) Will Israel implement this agreement with Hamas? Overview:   A ceasefire agreement between Israel and Hamas, brokered by Egypt, was reached on 26 August 2014. This is the third such agreement that Hamas has negotiated with Israel in the past seven years. The previous two (in June 2008 and November 2012) came to nothing because, unlike Hamas, Israel failed to fulfil its obligations under them – and the international community turned a blind eye to its failure. Had Israel kept its side of the bargain in either agreement, rocket and mortar out of Gaza would most likely have ceased permanently. The question is: will Israel fulfil its obligations under this third agreement?  (Click now to download this Briefing)
(August 2014, PDF 82 kB)
Will Israel implement an agreement with Hamas? History suggests NO (Click now to download Briefing)Will Israel implement an agreement with Hamas? History suggests NO (Click now to download Briefing) Will Israel implement an agreement with Hamas? History suggests NO. Overview:   Israel’s last military offensive against Gaza in November 2012 ended with an agreement between Israel and Hamas brokered by Egypt. Under it, both sides were required to cease hostilities and Israel undertook to take steps towards ending its blockade of Gaza. But, Israel failed to fulfil its obligations under it, whereas Hamas fulfilled its obligations to the letter for more than eighteen months – and the international community turned a blind eye to Israel’s failure. The lesson from this is that the international community must ensure that Israel fulfils its obligations in any future agreement with Hamas.  (Click now to download this Briefing)
(August 2014, PDF 150 kB)
Ismail Mahmoud Bakir (9), Ahed Atef Bakir (10), Zakariya Ahed Bakir (10), and Mohammad Ramiz Bakir (11), playing football on the beach in Gaza seconds before they were killed by the Israelis (Click now to download Factsheet)Ismail Mahmoud Bakir (9), Ahed Atef Bakir (10), Zakariya Ahed Bakir (10), and Mohammad Ramiz Bakir (11), playing football on the beach in Gaza seconds before they were killed by the Israelis (Click now to download Factsheet) Gaza: Nobody needed to die Overview:   Israel is currently engaged in its third military offensive against Gaza since 2008, ostensibly to bring a halt to rocket and mortar fire out of Gaza into Israel. There was no need for this offensive – or for the previous two offensives – for Israel to achieve that objective. Nobody, neither Israeli nor Palestinian, needed to die in order to bring a halt to rocket and mortar fire out of Gaza. All Israel needed to do was to stick to agreements it made with Hamas. But it didn’t.  (Click now to download this Factsheet)
(July 2014, PDF 57 kB)
Ismail Mahmoud Bakir (9), Ahed Atef Bakir (10), Zakariya Ahed Bakir (10), and Mohammad Ramiz Bakir (11), playing football on the beach in Gaza seconds before they were killed by the Israelis (Click now to download Briefing)Ismail Mahmoud Bakir (9), Ahed Atef Bakir (10), Zakariya Ahed Bakir (10), and Mohammad Ramiz Bakir (11), playing football on the beach in Gaza seconds before they were killed by the Israelis (Click now to download Briefing) Gaza: Nobody needed to die Overview:   Israel is currently engaged in its third military offensive against Gaza since 2008, ostensibly to bring a halt to rocket and mortar fire out of Gaza into Israel. There was no need for this offensive – or for the previous two offensives – for Israel to achieve that objective. Nobody, neither Israeli nor Palestinian, needed to die in order to bring a halt to rocket and mortar fire out of Gaza. All Israel needed to do was to stick to agreements it made with Hamas. But it didn’t.  (Click now to download this Briefing)
(July 2014, PDF 96 kB)
The Government should tell Israel: No more collective punishment, apply the rule of law (Click now to download PDF)The Government should tell Israel: No more collective punishment, apply the rule of law)(Click now to download PDF) The Government should tell Israel: No more collective punishment, apply the rule of law Overview:   On 12 June, three Israeli teenagers were abducted and killed near Hebron while hitchhiking home from a Jewish settlement in the West Bank. At least 9 Palestinian civilians have died as a result of the Israeli offensive launched to find the teenagers, which has been largely directed against Hamas, whom Israel blames for the killings. Prime Minister Netanyahu has vowed to “make Hamas pay”, which chillingly raises the possibility of a third military assault on Gaza and the deaths of hundreds of Palestinian civilians, as happened in Operation Cast Lead in 2008/9 and Operation Pillar of Cloud in 2012. Israel needs to be told: no more collective punishment.  (Click now to download this Briefing) (July 2014, PDF 74 kB)
Israeli Settlements: Colonies and War Crimes (Click now to download PDF)Israeli Settlements: Colonies and War Crimes (Click now to download PDF) Israeli Settlements: Colonies and War Crimes Overview:   When a state, which is occupying territory not its own, builds settlements on that territory and transfers its own citizens into them, that process is a war crime, under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Israel has occupied the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) since1967 and has transferred well over half a million of its own citizens into that territory. There is little doubt that this colonisation programme has involved the commission of war crimes as defined in the Rome Statute.  (Click now to download this Factsheet) (June 2014, PDF 59 kB)
Israel's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) (Click now to download PDF)Israel's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs)(Click now to download PDF) Israel's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs): Briefing Overview:   Israel isn’t a party to any of the three "weapons of mass destruction" treaties: (1) the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), (2) the Biological Weapons Convention, and (3) the Chemical Weapons Convention. It is the only state in the Middle East that isn’t a party to any of them. Iran is a party to all three, as are most other states in the Middle East.  (Click now to download this Factsheet)
(May 2014, PDF 80 kB)
The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: The World Bank Report on "Area C". (Click now to download PDF)The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: The World Bank Report on "Area C". (Click now to download PDF) Israel's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs): Factsheet Overview:   Israel isn’t a party to any of the three "weapons of mass destruction" treaties: (1) the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), (2) the Biological Weapons Convention, and (3) the Chemical Weapons Convention. It is the only state in the Middle East that isn’t a party to any of them. Iran is a party to all three, as are most other states in the Middle East.  (Click now to download this Factsheet)
(June 2014, PDF 58 kB)
The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: The World Bank Report on "Area C". (Click now to download PDF)EU takes action on Israeli settlements. (Click now to download PDF) The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: Factsheet Overview:   For many years, Israel has imposed severe restrictions on Palestinian access to, and economic activity in, Area C in the West Bank. In its report Area C and the Future of the Palestinian Economy (published in October 2013), the World Bank estimates that, if these restrictions were lifted, the total potential value to the Palestinian economy could amount to around $3.4 billion or about 35% of Palestinian GDP at 2011 levels. The resulting increase in revenues for the Palestinian Authority could be as much as $0.8 billion, which would notionally cut its fiscal deficit by half, thereby significantly reducing its need for support by international donors.  (Click now to download this Factsheet) (June 2014, PDF 114 kB)
The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: The World Bank Report on "Area C". (Click now to download PDF)EU takes action on Israeli settlements. (Click now to download PDF) The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: Paper Overview:   For many years, Israel has imposed severe restrictions on Palestinian access to, and economic activity in, Area C in the West Bank.  In its report Area C and the Future of the Palestinian Economy (published in October 2013), the World Bank estimates that, if these restrictions were lifted, the total potential value to the Palestinian economy could amount to around $3.4 billion or about 35% of Palestinian GDP at 2011 levels.  The resulting increase in revenues for the Palestinian Authority could be as much as $0.8 billion, which would notionally cut its fiscal deficit by half, thereby significantly reducing its need for support by international donors.  (Click now to download this paper) (June 2014, PDF 747 kB)
EU takes action on Israeli settlements. (Click now to download PDF)EU takes action on Israeli settlements. (Click now to download PDF) EU takes action on Israeli settlementsOverview:   The European Union is taking a number of measures against Israeli settlements in the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, that is, the Golan Heights, the West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip: (A) Steps to ensure that EU funds do not go to support activities in the settlements.  (B) An EU-wide labelling scheme for settlement goods.  (C) Guidance for EU citizens and enterprises about the risks associated with economic and financial involvement in the settlements. (Click now to download the briefing) (July 2013, PDF 119 kB)
Palestinian state recognised by UN. (Click now to download PDF)Palestinian state recognised by UN. (Click now to download PDF) Palestinian state recognised by UNOverview:   On 29 November 2012, Palestine won an historic victory at the UN when the General Assembly voted by an overwhelming majority – 138 in favour to 9 against, with 41 abstentions – to recognise Palestine as a state in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza, the territories occupied by Israel since 1967. It has now got observer rights as a “non-member state” at the UN and can apply for membership of UN associated bodies. It may also become a party to the International Criminal Court and individuals responsible for crimes against humanity or war crimes in the occupied territories may be indicted and tried by the Court. (Click now to download the briefing)
(December 2012, PDF 136 kB)

Gaza: Why did 3,000 Palestinians have to die? (Click now to download PDF)Gaza: Why did 3,000 Palestinians have to die? (Click now to download PDF) Gaza: Why did 3,000 Palestinians have to die?Overview:   Ceasefire arrangements, brokered by Egyptian intelligence, brought the latest Israeli military assault on Gaza to an end on 21 November 2012. These arrangements are essentially the same as those brokered by Egyptian intelligence over four years ago in June 2008, as a result of which southern Israel was almost entirely free from firing out of Gaza for the following four and a half months. If Israel had wished, these ceasefire arrangements – and the peace and quiet they brought to southern Israel – could have continued indefinitely. However, Israel chose to bring this peaceful situation to an end by making a military incursion into Gaza on 4 November 2008 and killing 7 members of Hamas. Since then, Israel has mounted two murderous assaults on Gaza (Operation Cast Lead in 2008/9 and Operation Pillar of Cloud in November 2012), ostensibly to prevent firing out of Gaza, neither of which was as effective at doing that as the 2008 ceasefire arrangements, which Israel abrogated on 4 November 2008. (Click now to download the paper)
(December 2012, PDF 161 kB)

Home Demolitions. (Click now to download PDF)Home Demolitions. (Click now to download PDF) Home DemolitionsOverview:   Israeli destruction of Palestinian property: homes, business premises, orchards, farmlands etc. has always been an intrinsic part of the plan by the settler-colonial state to cleanse Palestine of its indigenous people. It is Israel's way of separating Palestinians from their land and depriving them of a future. The Home Demolitions thus carried out, whether in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza or in the Bedouin Negev, constitute forced eviction and are illegal under international law. They only continue because those responsible for implementing international law seem unwilling to match their vocal condemnation with any action. (Click now to download the paper)
(July 2012, PDF 831 kB)

Home Demolitions. (Click now to download PDF)Home Demolitions. (Click now to download PDF) Home Demolitions FactsheetOverview:  Israeli destruction of Palestinian property: homes, business premises, orchards, farmlands etc. has always been an intrinsic part of the plan by the settler-colonial state to cleanse Palestine of its indigenous people. It is Israel's way of separating Palestinians from their land and depriving them of a future. The Home Demolitions thus carried out, whether in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza or in the Bedouin Negev, constitute forced eviction and are illegal under international law. They only continue because those responsible for implementing international law seem unwilling to match their vocal condemnation with any action. (Click now to download the factsheet)
(July 2012, PDF 253 kB)

Ireland may propose
an EU ban on Israeli settlement goods. (Click now to download PDF)Ireland may propose an EU ban on Israeli settlement goods. (Click now to download PDF) Ireland may propose an EU ban on Israeli settlement goods Overview:   Ireland may propose an EU ban on settlement goods in the autumn, Foreign Minister, Eamon Gilmore, told Dáil Éireann on 22 May 2012. He was reporting on the outcome of the EU Foreign Affairs Council a week earlier, which made unprecedented criticism of Israel’s ongoing actions in East Jerusalem and Area C, in particular, settlement building and the forcing out of Palestinians. This briefing discusses the Council’s conclusions and the reports by the EU heads of mission to Palestine, which contributed to these conclusions. (Click now to download)
(June 2012, PDF 103 kB)

Without external pressure on Israel, a Palestinian state is unattainable. (Click now to download PDF)Without external pressure on Israel, a Palestinian state is unattainable. (Click now to download PDF) Without external pressure on Israel, a Palestinian state is unattainable Overview:   In July 2011, Eamon Gilmore, Minister of Foreign Affairs & Trade, stated: "The continuing Israeli military occupation of the Palestinian territories is at the heart of the unresolved Arab-Israeli conflict. … It is the continuing occupation, and the creation and growth of illegal settlements on the occupied lands, which are now the major obstacles to peace."  This briefing asks the question: how can these obstacles be eliminated, so that a sovereign Palestinian state can come into being?   We conclude that they will not be eliminated simply by direct negotiations between Israel and Palestinians.   They will only be eliminated by external pressure on Israel to cease settlement building and end the occupation.  Absent that pressure from the US and/or EU, the two political entities that have leverage over Israel, in our view a sovereign Palestinian state is unattainable. (Click now to download)
(June 2012, PDF 137 kB)

Al Nakba (‘the catastrophe’ or ‘disaster’ in Arabic). (Click now to download PDF)Al Nakba (‘the catastrophe’ or ‘disaster’ in Arabic). (Click now to download PDF) Al Nakba (‘The Catastrophe’ or ‘Disaster’) Overview:   Al Nakba (‘the catastrophe’ or ‘disaster’ in Arabic) is the name given to the organised expulsion of approximately 750,000 Palestinians from their homes and lands by Zionist forces in 1948, the year the state of Israel was established. From its formation, the Israeli state’s official position has been one of denial that this terrible event ever happened. (Click now to download) (April 2012, PDF 346 kB)
Israel is a rogue state. (Click now to download PDF)Israel is a rogue state. (Click now to download PDF) Israel is a rogue state Overview:   Israel is a rogue state which treats with contempt its obligations under international law and agreements it has signed.   It has occupied militarily large swathes of territory not its own for more than forty years – the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, Gaza and the Syrian Golan Heights. It has annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Not only that, it has planted more than 500,000 Jewish settlers on this territory, with the clear intention of holding on to some or all of it permanently.   This record of military occupation, annexation and colonisation for more than four decades is unrivalled in the world.   Not only that, it holds the world record for violating Security Council resolutions that require action by it and it alone.
(Click now to download)

(April 2012, PDF 134 kB)

Political developments in 2011 (Click now to download PDF)Political developments in 2011 (Click now to download PDF) Political developments in 2011 Overview:   The Fine Gael/Labour coalition, which came to power in February 2011, with Labour leader, Eamon Gilmore, as Tánaiste and Minister of Foreign Affairs & Trade, has moved Irish policy towards Palestine forward significantly in three respects:  1) singled out Israel’s military occupation and colonisation of Palestinian territories as the root of the problem in the Middle East.  2) committed Ireland to voting for UN membership for Palestine in the UN General Assembly and  3) committed Ireland to support an EU ban on the import of settlement goods. (Click now to download)
(January 2012, PDF 111 kB)

Palestine wins UNESCO membership (Click now to download PDF)Palestine wins UNESCO membership (Click now to download PDF) Palestine wins UNESCO membershipOverview: Palestine won UNESCO membership by 107 votes to 14, only 12 out of the 194 members siding with the US and Israel in opposing. As a result, the US has halted funding to UNESCO – existing US legislation compelled it to do so. It is doubtful if the US Congress will amend the legislation to enable funding to be resumed. If it isn’t, after two years the US will lose its voting rights in the organisation. If Palestine wins membership in other UN-related organisations, then the same thing will happen in them. (Click now to download)
(December 2011, PDF 142 kB)

Ireland supports EU ban on settlement goods (Click now to download PDF)Ireland supports EU ban on settlement goods  (Click now to download PDF) Ireland supports EU ban on settlement goodsOverview: Irish Foreign Minister, Eamon Gilmore, has confirmed in Dáil Éireann that Ireland is committed to banning the import of settlement produce into the EU and is seeking to persuade member states to adopt this as EU policy. (Click now to download)
(November 2011, PDF 99 kB)

The Palestinian UN Initiative (Click now to download PDF)The Palestinian UN Initiative  (Click now to download PDF) The Palestinian UN InitiativeOverview: This briefing describes the progress of the Palestinians’ UN initiative, which seeks UN membership for a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as its capital, that is, in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip – the Palestinian territories which have been under Israeli military occupation since June 1967. (Click now to download)
(November 2011, PDF 137 kB)

Ireland's position on the recognition of a Palestinian state (Click now to download PDF)Ireland's position on the recognition of a Palestinian state (Click now to download PDF) Ireland's position on the recognition of a Palestinian stateOverview: Summary of the publicly stated position of the Irish Government on the recognition of a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders as of 5 September 2011. (Click now to download)
(September 2011, PDF 103 kB)

UN Membership for Palestine (Click now to download PDF)UN Membership for Palestine (Click now to download PDF) Why Ireland should support UN membership for a Palestinian stateOverview: Palestinians are seeking the ultimate form of international recognition for a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, that is, UN membership. An application for UN membership must first be recommended by the Security Council, where it may be subject to a US veto, and then approved by General Assembly by a two-thirds majority. We in Sadaka believe that Ireland should vote for UN membership in the General Assembly in order to put pressure on Israel to withdraw to the 1967 borders. This briefing gives our reasons. (Click to download)
(September 2011, PDF 149 kB)

Steps to UN membership for Palestine (Click now to download PDF)Steps to UN membership for Palestine (Click now to download PDF) Steps to UN membership for PalestineOverview: In September, Palestinians intend to apply for UN membership for a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, that is, in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, the Palestinian territories under Israeli military occupation since 1967. It is expected that the US will veto the membership application in the Security Council and the application will fail. However, Palestinians are confident that they will succeed in enhancing their status at the UN in the autumn by being granted observer rights as a “non-member state”. This requires a simple majority in the UN General Assembly and cannot be blocked by the US. (Click now to download PDF) (August 2011, PDF 112 kB)
Palestine in Irish PoliticsPalestine in Irish Politics Palestine in Irish Politics: A HistoryOverview: Since the War of Independence, Ireland has engaged closely with the ‘Question of Palestine’, supporting the rights of the Palestinian people. While “anti-Semitism” had little support in Ireland, and the Irish independence movement embraced the Irish Jewish community, Zionism was opposed as a British imperial project in the Middle East. In the Bahrain Declaration in 1980, Ireland was the first state in the EEC to support the establishment of an independent State in Palestine, to recognise the PLO, and seek a settlement based on pre-1967 borders. The Bahrain Declaration laid the basis for the dramatic change in the European position, set out in the Venice Declaration of June 1980, which is still the basis of EU policy. A recent editorial in the New York Times described the Venice Declaration as defining “the contours of the only plausible agreement between Israel and the Palestinians”. The position of the Irish state on Palestine has been one of the most progressive in the western world, and has been consistent since first set down by de Valera in the 1930s. (Click to download)
(July 2011, PDF 514 kB)

The Goldstone Report does not need correction (Click now to download PDF)The Goldstone Report does not need correction (Click now to download PDF) The Goldstone Report does not need correctionOverview: Judge Goldstone, who headed the UN investigation into Israel’s military assault on Gaza in December 2008/January 2009, has implied that the investigation’s report needs substantial correction because new information has come to light. Professor Christine Chinkin, Hina Jilani and Colonel Desmond Travers, who worked with him on the investigation and co-wrote its report, do not share his view. In fact, he questioned the report’s conclusions about only one out of the thirty-six incidents investigated. (Click to download) (April 2011, PDF 523 kB)
The Goldstone Report does not need correction (Click now to download PDF)The Goldstone Report does not need correction (Click now to download PDF) The Goldstone Report does not need correctionOverview: Judge Goldstone, who headed the UN investigation into Israel’s military assault on Gaza in December 2008/January 2009, has implied that the investigation’s report needs substantial correction because new information has come to light. Professor Christine Chinkin, Hina Jilani and Colonel Desmond Travers, who worked with him on the investigation and co-wrote its report, do not share his view. In fact, he questioned the report’s conclusions about only one out of the thirty-six incidents investigated. (Click to download) (April 2011, PDF 131 kB)
The EU and Israel (Click now to download PDF)The EU and Israel (Click now to download PDF) The EU and IsraelOverview: In December 2009, the EU adopted a set of conclusions on the Middle East, which were rightly regarded as a firming up of EU policy towards Israel. But firm policy is no use without the will to put it into effect, by imposing sanctions on Israel, if necessary. (Click to download)
(March 2011, PDF 154 kB)

Is Hamas opposed to a two-state solution? (Click now to download PDF)Is Hamas opposed to a two-state solution? (Click now to download PDF) Is Hamas opposed to a two-state solution?Overview: Israel and its allies say repeatedly that Hamas is committed to the destruction of Israel and opposed to a “two-state solution”. This briefing shows that Hamas has stated on many occasions that it is prepared to accept a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, if Israel withdrew to those borders. Unfortunately, Israel shows no inclination to so that. (Click to download) (March 2011, PDF 106 kB)
Is Iran a threat to Israel's existence? (Click now to download PDF)Is Iran a threat to Israel's existence? (Click now to download PDF) Is Iran a threat to Israel's existence?Overview: Israel and its allies assert that Iran is a threat to the existence of the Israeli state, that the Islamic regime in Iran is akin to Nazi Germany and President Ahmadinejad is a modern Hitler. After all, didn’t he threaten to “wipe Israel off the map”? This briefing questions the validity of this narrative. (Click to download) (March 2011, PDF 147 kB)
The European Union’s Blind Eye: How the EU ignores Israel’s failure to fulfil its obligations under EU agreements (Click now to download PDF)The European Union’s Blind Eye: How the EU ignores Israel’s failure to fulfil its obligations under EU agreements (Click now to download PDF) The European Union’s Blind EyeOverview: This paper demonstrates how the EU has constantly turned a blind eye to Israel’s failure to fulfil its obligations in agreements with the EU. Under the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, for example, Israel is required to "respect the territorial integrity and unity" of its partners - it has failed to do so in respect of Lebanon and Syria, some of whose territory it occupies. Under the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, it is also required to “act in accordance with the United Nations Charter” – it has failed to do so, since it is in breach of more UN Security Council resolutions than any other state in the world. (Click to download)
(March 2011, PDF 500 kB)

Jerusalem Past and Present (Click now to download PDF)Jerusalem Past and Present (Click now to download PDF) Jerusalem Past and PresentOverview: Jerusalem has become both symbol and victim of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The ruthless effort of Israeli expansionism to sweep away over one thousand years of history in the city itself and its surrounding land, threatens any prospect of peace with the Palestinians, or acceptance by the wider world. (Click to download)
(March 2011, PDF 1.45 MB)

Ireland should recognise a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders (Click to download PDF)Ireland should recognise a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders (Click to download PDF) Ireland should recognise a Palestinian state in the 1967 bordersOverview: In November 1988, the PLO declared the establishment of a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, that is, in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza. With this declaration, Palestinians accepted the objective of a state on just 22% of their historic homeland, with Israel continuing to exist in the other 78%. More than 100 states in the world recognised it and granted it full diplomatic relations. Other states, including Ireland, while not going as far as recognition, established some form of diplomatic relations with it. Recently, the PLO has renewed its recognition campaign, with a view to taking the matter to the UN in September 2011, and has had great success in Latin America. Sadaka believes that Ireland should take a lead in the EU in this matter and, as soon as possible, recognise a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders.
(Click to download)

(Feb 2011, PDF 230 kB)